When the sun peeks above the top of the monolith, the monolith emits a loud, high pitched sound. The Monolith in the movie seems to represent and even trigger epic transitions in the history of human evolution, evolution of humans from ape-like beings to civilised people, hence the odyssey of humankind.[27][28]. Like a Cyclops he relies upon a single eye, examples of which are installed throughout the ship. ORBITING JUPITER echoes the bleak tones of Edith Wharton 's Ethan Frome and ramps up tragedy to a Shakespearean scale. James John Griffith, in a footnote in his book Adaptations As Imitations: Films from Novels, wrote "I would wonder, for instance, how several critics, commenting on the match-cut that links humanity's prehistory and future, can identify—without reference to Clarke's novel—the satellite as a nuclear weapon". We have the long, bulb-headed spaceship as a sperm, and the destination planet Jupiter (or the monolith floating near it) as the egg, and the meeting of the two as the trigger for the growth of a new race of man (the "star child"). In a later scene, the leader ape is sitting near a pile of ape bones. The final script removed this explanation, but it is hinted at when HAL asks David Bowman if Bowman is bothered by the "oddities" and "tight security" surrounding the mission. Although the film leaves it mysterious, early script drafts made clear that HAL's breakdown is triggered by authorities on Earth who order him to withhold information from the astronauts about the purpose of the mission (this is also explained in the film's sequel 2010). In the final episode, the Robinsons embark on two important goals: 1. The scene in which Frankenstein's monster is first shown on the loose is borrowed to depict the first murder by HAL of a member of Discovery One's crew—the empty pod, under HAL's control, extends its arms and "hands", and goes on a "rampage" directed towards astronaut Poole. In 2001's case, the surface story actually does something unprecedented in film or literature: it embodies three allegories." [65], In the film, US Air Force insignia, and flag insignia of China and Germany (including what appears to be an Iron Cross) can be seen on three of the satellites,[66] which correspond to three of the bombs' stated countries of origin in a widely circulated early draft of the script.[67]. ", He also sees deliberate symbolism in the number of years it took Kubrick to create the film. Well, that isn't made clear, we just assume it's some kind of space vehicle in a three-million-year jump cut". The scene gets more and more dramatic to the point where the ape becomes filled with rage. HAL is an artificial intelligence, a sentient, synthetic, life form. They may have progressed from biological species, which are fragile shells for the mind at best, into immortal machine entities—and then, over innumerable eons, they could emerge from the chrysalis of matter transformed into beings of pure energy and spirit. Strangelove". Man is growing up. He is reborn, an enhanced … It Shouldn’t. Orbiting Jupiter is one of the saddest books I've read in my entire life, and I don't say that lightly. [60][75] "Stanley Kubrick explains the ending of 2001: A Space Odyssey in newly discovered interview", "In 2001, Will Love Be a Seven-Letter Word? You just watched 2001: A Space Odyssey… but you don’t really know what just happened. [57][58] Former NASA research assistant Steven Pietrobon[59] wrote "The orbital craft seen as we make the leap from the Dawn of Man to contemporary times are supposed to be weapons platforms carrying nuclear devices, though the movie does not make this clear. [31] Each time the monolith is shown, man transcends to a different level of cognition, linking the primeval, futuristic and mystic segments of the film. Jupiter Transit from Libra to Scorpio 11th October 2018 to 2019 - Jupiter is the chief planet in the planetary cabinet and according to the world of Vedic astrology. "[60], The vast majority of film critics, including noted Kubrick authority Michel Ciment,[61] interpreted the satellites as generic spacecraft (possibly Moon bound). In a 1980 interview that remained obscure until being rediscovered in 2018, Kubrick explained the intent of the film's ending. Ask and answer questions about books! And finally there’s a third artifact placed in orbit around Jupiter and waiting for the time when man has reached the outer rim of his own solar system. Washington, DC—Move over Jupiter; Saturn is the new moon king. In the next scene, another ape from an enemy tribe attempts to drink from their watering hole. He knocks his glass of wine over and it shatters on the floor. And thus, man has tools. * The discovery of four moons orbiting Jupiter, which showed that there are other objects not directly orbiting the Earth. It is "calling home" to say, in effect, "they're here!" When they arrive, the astronauts approach the monolith without any of the characteristics that the apes did — without any fear or curiosity. [54], In a New York Times interview in 1968, Kubrick merely referred to the satellites as "spacecraft", as does the interviewer, but he observed that the match-cut from bone to spacecraft shows they evolved from "bone-as-weapon", stating "It's simply an observable fact that all of man's technology grew out of his discovery of the weapon-tool". . A human zoo approximating a hospital terrestrial environment drawn out of his own dreams and imagination. ORBITING JUPITER was named a Best Book by PW, but not SLJ. In this interpretation, Jupiter represents both a female and an ovum.[25]. This is the point of connection with Clarke's 1951 short story, "The Sentinel", originally cited as the basis for the entire film. "[79] In contrast to Ciment's reading of a cut to a serene "other extreme of civilization", science fiction novelist Robert Sawyer, speaking in the Canadian documentary 2001 and Beyond, sees it as a cut from a bone to a nuclear weapons platform, explaining that "what we see is not how far we've leaped ahead, what we see is that today, '2001', and four million years ago on the African veldt, it's exactly the same—the power of mankind is the power of its weapons. Interview: Stanley Kubrick. Clarke also gives an explanation of the ill-effects of HAL being ordered to lie in computer terms as well as psychological terms, stating HAL is caught in a "Möbius feedback loop.". Be sure to explain why you think your ending will come to be (provide evidence to back up your reasoning). [6] Elsewhere he said, "You will find my interpretation in the novel; it is not necessarily Kubrick's. Another hint occurs at the moment of HAL's deactivation when a video reveals the purpose of the mission. Noted Kubrick authority Michel Ciment, in discussing Kubrick's attitude toward human aggression and instinct, observes "The bone cast into the air by the ape (now become a man) is transformed at the other extreme of civilization, by one of those abrupt ellipses characteristic of the director, into a spacecraft on its way to the moon. He does not have a sufficiently layered understanding of human motives to grasp the need for this and trudging through the tangled web of lying complications, he falls prey to human error. And, in turn, man destroys the man with the simplest of tools, a screwdriver (as seen in the header image). You might say that is inherent in the story too. [5], Neither of the two creators equated openness to interpretation with meaninglessness, although it might seem that Clarke implied as much when he stated, shortly after the film's release, "If anyone understands it on the first viewing, we've failed in our intention." Nonetheless, in July 2018, Kubrick's interpretation of the ending scene was presented after being newly found in an early interview.[1][2][3][4]. [13] Nietzsche writes that man is a bridge between the ape and the Übermensch. Due to their appearance there are statements by members of the production staff who still refer to them as weapons. The humans call this monolith “Tycho Magnetic Anomaly One,” or, “TMA-1” (Wikia). Galileo Galilei Key Terms and Events Definitions of the important terms you need to know about in order to understand Galileo Galilei, including Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, Geocentricity , Heliocentricity , Inquisition , Jesuits , Roman Catholic Church , … [51] Kubrick was also confronted with the fact that, during the production of the film, the US and USSR had agreed not to put any nuclear weapons into outer space by signing the Outer Space Treaty. NASA explained: “Cyclones at the north pole of Jupiter … My own kids can't wait to get their hands on it! Life seems to have thrown Joseph Brook under the bus. The long light show that follows is not meant to make sense to the viewer since they cannot experience such a thing by watching it through a camera in the third dimension. Frederick Ordway, Kubrick's science advisor and technical consultant, stated that in an earlier script Poole tells HAL there is "... something about this mission that we weren't told. Last week, for the 3rd time, I saw 2001 (but this time in 70 mm) and I left the theater both stunned and pretty confused. [21] In part, this can be seen through the final moments of the film, which are defined by the image of the "star child", an in utero fetus that draws on the work of Lennart Nilsson. "[12], In an interview for Rolling Stone magazine, Kubrick said "On the deepest psychological level the film's plot symbolizes the search for God, and it finally postulates what is little less than a scientific definition of God . There, we see the third monolith (TMA-2) floating in space. Orbiting Jupiter Summary and Study Guide. 4/5 – a good book…definately worth a download. This sound is a signal to the third monolith orbiting Jupiter and the Firstborns that man has advanced significantly and is ready to travel to another planet and eventually continue to the next step of the evolutionary process (Hayine). While HAL was under orders to deny the true mission with the crew, he was programmed at a deep level to be completely accurate and infallible. Having these abilities allows man to find a monolith under the surface of the moon which we now know to be the second one. As they start to slowly calm down, they become more and more curious as they all reach to, and eventually and touch, the surface of the monolith, starting with the leader ape. To Dave, he is being transported through time and space all while receiving vast amounts of the Firstborn’s information. After this victory, the ape-leader throws his bone into the air, after which the scene shifts to an orbiting weapon four million years later, implying that the discovery of the bone as a weapon inaugurated human evolution, hence the much more advanced orbiting weapon four million years later.[34]. This is done by showing that without gravity, man must learn how to walk again; man must eat “baby food”; and need “toilet training.”. orbiting jupiter Once Jupiter’s gravity captures Juno, the spacecraft begins its carefully designed orbit that allows it to closely examine the planet while avoiding its harmful radiation . Much as the previous few minutes of the film symbolize the absorption and the initial communication with the beings that created the monoliths (Chenmunka). In the most literal narrative sense, as found in the concurrently written novel, the Monolith is a tool, an artifact of an alien civilisation. [39], The monolith is the subject of the film's final line of dialogue (spoken at the end of the "Jupiter Mission" segment): "Its origin and purpose still a total mystery". But the use of tools also allowed mankind to survive and flourish over the next four million years, at which point the monolith makes its second appearance, this time on the Moon. Man is really in a very unstable condition. [6], In a subsequent discussion of the film with Joseph Gelmis, Kubrick said his main aim was to avoid "intellectual verbalization" and reach "the viewer's subconscious". Yep, kill. by : Heather Clark . He was willing then to give a fairly straightforward explanation of the plot on what he called the "simplest level", but unwilling to discuss the metaphysical interpretation of the film which he felt should be left up to the individual viewer.[7]. [53], In the Canadian TV documentary 2001 and Beyond, Clarke stated that not only was the military purpose of the satellites "not spelled out in the film, there is no need for it to be", repeating later in this documentary that "Stanley didn't want to have anything to do with bombs after Dr. [35] The second encounter also suggests the triggering of the monolith's radio signal to Jupiter by the presence of humans,[36] echoing the premise of Clarke's source story "The Sentinel". Man has now won the battle with his tools. Kubrick could probably have shot 2001 from a treatment, since most of what Clarke wrote, in particular some windy voice-overs which explained the level of intelligence reached by the ape men, the geological state of the world at the dawn of man, the problems of life on the Discovery and much more, was discarded during the last days of editing, along with the explanation of HAL's breakdown. When the surviving astronaut, Bowman, ultimately reaches Jupiter, this artifact sweeps him into a force field or star gate that hurls him on a journey through inner and outer space and finally transports him to another part of the galaxy. It is meant to make you sob, and it will. [50] Over time, Kubrick decided that this would create too many associations with his previous film Dr. Strangelove and he decided not to make it so obvious that they were "war machines". "[6], Film critic Penelope Houston noted in 1971 that the novel differs in many key respects from the film, and as such perhaps should not be regarded as the skeleton key to unlock it.[10]. What I meant was, of course, that because we were dealing with the mystery of the universe, and with powers and forces greater than man's comprehension, then by definition they could not be totally understandable. [49] Further, Kubrick intended that the Star Child would detonate the weapons at the end of the film. What are the names of the three boys who Jack warns Joseph about? [33] In a similar vein, Tim Dirks ends his synopsis saying "The cyclical evolution from ape to man to spaceman to angel-starchild-superman is complete". And here’s Kubrick’s explanation of the ending: In a timeless state, his life passes from middle age to senescence to death. When Dave states "You're working up your crew psychology report," HAL takes a few seconds to respond in the affirmative. While the world of the apes at the beginning of 2001 is Dionysian, the world of travel to the moon is wholly Apollonian, and HAL is an entirely Apollonian entity. TMA-2, unlike TMA-0 or TMA-1, acts as a “Stargate,” or wormhole which could move any nearby and desired object anywhere in the galaxy (Hayine). Once Poole had been killed, others were eliminated to remove any witnesses to his failure to complete the mission. The discovery was announced Monday by the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center.. Each of the newly discovered moons is about … The Starchild is not a physical entity. Orbiting Jupiter is no exception, though instead of being aimed at middle grade kids, it is definitely for high school age teens. The leader ape attacks him with his newfound bone — a tool. See what it means for life, too. Clarke also referred to the "bone-to-bomb cut" in the earlier "Channel 4" documentary (1996) on Kubrick's larger body of work, See numerous reviews on "The Kubrick Site". It comes in many sizes and appears in many places, always in the purpose of advancing intelligent life. For instance, Frank Poole watches a birthday transmission from his parents with what appears to be complete apathy. Dave sees the fourth monolith directly in front of him and he reaches for it with fear and curiosity, just as the apes did. The book explains the monolith much more specifically than the movie, depicting the first (on Earth) as a device capable of inducing a higher level of consciousness by directly interacting with the brain of pre-humans approaching it, the second (on the Moon) as an alarm signal designed to alert its creators that humanity had reached a sufficient technological level for space travel, and the third (near Jupiter in the movie but on a satellite of Saturn in the novel) as a gateway or portal to allow travel to other parts of the galaxy. 83 words 14 Comments . [34], The monolith appears four times in 2001: A Space Odyssey: on the African savanna, on the Moon, in space orbiting Jupiter, and near Bowman's bed before his transformation. Some, but not all, space model manufacturers or amateur model builders refer to these entities as bombs. Stanley Kubrick originally intended, when the film does its famous match-cut from prehistoric bone-weapon to orbiting satellite, that the latter and the three additional satellites seen be established as orbiting nuclear weapons by a voice-over narrator talking about nuclear stalemate. With just 2 chapters of Orbiting Jupiter left, how do you think the book will end? [6], Clarke himself used to recommend reading the book, saying "I always used to tell people, 'Read the book, see the film, and repeat the dose as often as necessary'", although, as his biographer Neil McAleer points out, he was promoting sales of his book at the time. Arthur C. Clarke's novel of the same name was developed simultaneously with the film, though published after its release. This initial treatment was subsequently changed in the screenplay, and the screenplay in turn was altered during the making of the film. According to John Thurman, HAL’s very existence is an abomination, much like Frankenstein’s monster. NASA’s Juno mission to Jupiter, which has been in orbit around the gas giant since July 4, 2016, will remain in its current 53-day orbit for the remainder of the mission. It can’t be due to a star, either; we’d see it if it were. If the film stirs the emotions and penetrates the subconscious of the viewer, if it stimulates, however inchoately, [their] mythological and religious yearnings and impulses, then it has succeeded. The book also depicts a crucial utterance by Bowman when he enters the portal via the monolith; his last statement is "Oh my God—it's full of stars!" Modelers label them in diverse ways. When Discovery One goes near TMA-2, it is sucked into it, transporting it and Dave through time and space, possibly to the Firstborn’s dimension. [30] Carolyn Geduld believes that what "structurally unites all four episodes of the film" is the monolith, the film's largest and most unresolvable enigma. And because Juno relies on solar power, the orbit has to keep the spacecraft exposed to sunlight for its entire mission. [43], The HAL 9000 has been compared to Frankenstein's monster. Humans, as a species, are shown to be like a gazillion years old in this movie. The year is now 1999~2001, and homo sapiens are getting close to mastering space travel. A wandering Jupiter in the early solar system may explain why our planetary neighborhood looks so different, scientists say. Get off the still-unnamed planet to the safety of the orbiting Resolute ship and 2. The psychedelic photo was snapped by NASA ’s Juno spacecraft, which is currently orbiting Jupiter. This brings the ringed planet’s total number of moons to 82, surpassing Jupiter, which has 79. He's lost his girlfriend, they took away his baby, and he's been jailed. ", "In Lost Interview, Stanley Kubrick Explains The Ending of 2001: A Space odyssey", "Stanley Kubrick Explains The '2001: A Space Odyssey' Ending in Rediscovered Interview", "Sometimes a Broken Glass Is Just a Broken Glass + Comment", http://www.visual-memory.co.uk/amk/doc/0069.html. Keep in mind that Kubrick describes all of the above’s understanding the “simplest level” of the film. It depicts Bowman traveling through some kind of interstellar switching station which the book refers to as "Grand Central," in which travelers go into a central hub and then are routed to their individual destinations. ", The fact that the first tool used by the protohumans is a weapon to commit murder is only one of the challenging evolutionary and philosophic questions posed by the film. Pietrobon, who was a consultant on 2001 to the Web site Starship Modeler regarding the film's props, observes small details on the satellites such as Air Force insignia and "cannons". 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