The Triple Package: What Really Determines Success by Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld – review This pseudo-scientific account of why certain ethnic groups prosper is … And at the California Institute of Technology, where, argue the authors of, what happened in the run-up to this book's US publication. At Princeton, 19%. But I do know that by focusing on people—and the cultures that support and affect them—they're asking the right questions. [1][page needed] Nevertheless, the book attempts to debunk racial stereotypes by focusing on three "cultural traits" that attribute to success in the United States. That certain groups do much better in America than others—as measured by income, occupational status, test scores, and so on—is difficult to talk about. The Triple Package is open to anyone. . The authors' willingness to pursue an intellectual inquiry that others wouldn't is bracing." In general, positive reviews praised the book for tackling a controversial and complicated socioeconomic and cultural question and for creating a unified theory of success in America, while negative reviews criticized it for ignoring intergenerational wealth transmission as well as selection effects due to the subset of people from different regions who are able to emigrate. First, from a religious perspective, Mormons are introduced to their people's magnificent history and civilization. (White people who were told playing mini-golf was a test of "sports intelligence" did better than when they were told it measured "natural athletic ability".) Drawing on groundbreaking original research and startling statistics, The Triple Package uncovers the secret to their success. The book has received polarized reviews from critics and public. "[1][page needed] For instance, Mormon culture celebrates strict self-discipline with their temperance, two-year mission, and abstinence from sexual relations before marriage. But there is still a lot to find interesting. This book is a widening of that thesis to cover other "cultural groups" in the US – Mormons, Cubans, Nigerians, Jews, Indians, Lebanese and Iranians – groups that, by conventional measures of success, are disproportionately represented at the top of the league tables. Alternatively, Xfinity’s Signature Triple Play with Extreme Pro Internet has 210+ channels, 1,000 Mbps download speeds, 10 Mbps upload speeds, unlimited nationwide calling, and a 1 TB data cap for $129.99 a month. Chua compares that with the Marshmallow Experiment, where a child can either enjoy a piece of marshmallow instantly or wait and have twice as much of the treat later. A superiority complex, insecurity, impulse control—these are the elements of the Triple Package, the rare and potent cultural constellation that drives disproportionate group success. Cottrell, 2011, p. 74 LOGICAL: Deduction based on reasons. The Triple Package is also one-dimensional because Chua and Rubenfeld’s interpretation is based on hindsight analysis and provides no prospective value. The Triple Package: How Three Unlikely Traits Explain the Rise and Fall of Cultural Groups in America by Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld "The Triple Package" presents a provocative thesis that when three distinct forces (the Triple Package) come together in a group's culture, they propel that group to disproportionate success. ", concluding that while people are told an A-minus is a bad grade in Battle Hymn, "one wonders what Chua and Rubenfeld will make of an F.", Maureen Callahan wrote an article titled "Tiger Mom: Some cultural groups are superior" for New York Post, generated heated debate in the public with its incendiary topic, calling the book "a series of shock-arguments wrapped in self-help tropes, and it's meant to do what racist arguments do: scare people." The first element is what we call a superiority complex. . “The Triple Package” as a book is a real head-scratcher, though — its own puzzling triple package. "[3], Writing in Slate Magazine, Daria Roithmayr asserted that the book's argument "doesn't hold water" for several reasons, including avoidance of "the pesky issue of race", not adequately acknowledging "first-wave advantage", and noting that the authors "are forced now to slice and dice the argument" in order to explain away exceptions. (Whether or not it brings happiness is a question the book also fleetingly addresses.). the triple package - are first, a superiority complex which is a deeply-imbued belief that one’s group is exceptionally better or special in some way. In "The Triple Package," Chua pays lip service to debunking the model minority myth while continuing to capitalize on cultural stereotypes. During an interview with Harry Kreisler,[2] the authors explained how they collected the data by going through months of Census data, all available economic data, and from personal experience; and at last narrowed down to the eight cultural groups listed as the successful groups in the United States: Chinese, Jewish, Indian, Iranian, Lebanese, Nigerians, Cuban exiles and Mormons. Chua is the classic example of a group that bestows on its children a “triple package” of qualities. The main problem is that in trying to give the book enough window-dressing to encourage sales, the authors veer from academic rigour to lightweight anecdotal evidence in a way that squanders much of their authority. Countercultural conclusions … Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld. [26] Amy Chua was also interviewed in The Irish Times, where she emphasized that the book is "about the rise and fall of cultural groups." In large part this is because the topic feels racially charged." The Mormons are not immigrants, but, Chua and Rubenfeld argue, they have the same combination of internalised superiority that comes from believing themselves "chosen", rigorous self-denial, and a social ambition motivated by being outside the mainstream that many immigrants share. Namely, immigrants suffer status collapse though moving up the economic ladder. [2], Before its publication, The Triple Package drew attention for its highly controversial assertion that though with tough economy, shrinking opportunity, and rising economic inequality, certain communities are outperforming the national average, experiencing upward mobility and educational attainment at dramatically high rates, and that this success has to do with certain inherent characteristics belonging to these cultural groups. Who knows? Introduction. As with so many books about ideas, this is indicative of the fact that The Triple Package could have covered the same ground in half the number of pages. The truth is the so-called Triple Package has little to do with ethnic groups or cultures. Table of Contents. That's more than I can say for most of the social policy experts occupying the airwaves today. As both authors belong to one of the above groups and coming from an immigrant family, namely Chua being Chinese and Rubenfeld being Jewish, Chua further claims that "Chinese Americans are three generations behind the Jews" as both Jewish Americans and Chinese Americans share many similar behaviors like being instructed to learn how to play a musical instrument when they were little and encouraged to become a doctor, teacher or a lawyer. The upward mobility of some immigrant groups compared to others is startling. New York: Penguin Press, 2014. And there are many more. The authors add that a superiority complex and insecurity are not mutually exclusive. Even 10 years earlier, the Mormon church was worth four times that. [8], Colin Woodard wrote a critical review of the book for the Washington Post, saying that the thesis of the book was constructed on "methodological quicksand" that was revealed by the case of the people of Appalachia. Since Chua has been seen as a provocative figure who sparked a tense debate about parenting with Battle Hymn, this book certainly attracted much attention with its racially charged arguments. The squeamishness of the response to this new book implies that, given the abuses to which this kind of information has historically been put, it is never admissible to aggregate data and link ethnicity with performance – which is absurd. Vance, writing in the National Review Online, described the book as "sometimes funny, sometimes academic, and always interesting study of the cultural traits that make some groups outperform others in America. "Assimilation and success weaken the insecurities and other cultural forces that drove the first and second generation to rise." Chua stresses that the thesis of the book is "intended to be a nuanced idea, not some superficial celebration. The Triple Package is open to anyone. Components. At Yale, that figure is 16%. [6], Some critics admired the book for "meticulously document[ing]" how some groups are more high-achieving. It would have been entertaining to see the authors tackle the Scientologists, given their wealth, prominence and superiority complex – rooted in a belief in their magical powers. A22 PROPOSITION THE TRIPLE PACKAGE OF SUCCESS $1.00 Friday, January 31, 2014 INDEPENDENT REASONS It means that the reasons are not related. Or perhaps he is merely a narcissist. Drawing on groundbreaking original research and startling statistics, The Triple Package uncovers the secret to their success. [18] Also, he shares the same concern most critics have with this book, questioning "might the successes of the exiles have more to do with their relative class, education and social advantages than the Triple Package? But its premise is flawed, arguments pernicious and methods disingenuous. Thus, this circumstance results in anxiety but also "a drive and jaw-dropping accomplishment. That certain groups do much better in America than others—as measured by income, occupational status, … "[24], Israeli newspaper Haaretz published an article based on an interview of the authors about the book. [14], J.D. "[27], "Tiger Mother Amy Chua is Back and Worse Than Ever", "The 'Law' of the King in Deuteronomy 17: 14–20", "An Actual Sociologist Highlights Flaws in Faux Sociology of "The Triple Package, "The Triple package: What Really Determines Success by Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld, book review: The make-up that drives our ambitions", "The Triple Package: How Three Unlikely Traits Explain the Rise and Fall of Cultural Groups in America (book review)", "The Triple Package: What Really Determines Success – review", "THE TRIPLE PACKAGE: How Three Unlikely Traits Explain the Rise and Fall of Cultural Groups in America (book review)", "The Triple Package, by Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld, review: Tiger Mother Amy Chua teams up with her husband to deliver this passionate and powerful account of what makes immigrants successful", "What George Washington teaches us about success", "Lessons in success from Eton and the Tiger Mother", "Are Mexicans the Most Successful Immigrant Group in the U.S.? The second element, insecurity, is an “anxious uncertainty about your worth or place in society, a feeling or worry that you or what you’ve done or what you have Ultimately, the authors conclude that the Triple Package is a ladder that should be climbed and then kicked away, drawing on its power but breaking free from its constraints. [25] An audio interview of the authors was published by Slate Magazine. Or is your so-called success simply the logical conclusion to the fact that you simply started off better? It can be very painful to be driven. "[12], Allison Pearson reviewed the book favorably for The Telegraph, calling it "Powerful, passionate and very entertaining. Immigrants for example are prone to insecurity because of social and financial anxiety, resulting in the sense of being discriminated against; a perception of danger; feelings of inadequacy and angst of losing their established social standing and possession. And there is a whiff of aromatic complacency on every page." But why shouldn't Tiger Mother Amy Chua and her husband investigate the success of certain cultural and ethnic groups? "[16], Jennifer Lee, a sociologist and a professor at the University of California, Irvine, whose work has been quoted in The Triple Package, criticized the book in the online publication Zócalo Public Square. [11], The Kirkus Reviews review of the book concluded: "On a highly touchy subject, the authors tread carefully, backing their assertions with copious notes. These virtues are the presence of a superiority complex, the simultaneous existence of a sense of insecurity, and a marked capacity for impulse control. The book categorizes the cultural groups regarding their religion, national origin, and ethnic group. And quoting the remarks of "one 23-year old Indian American professional" talking about ethnic anxiety in a chatroom looks like the fruit of a Google search. Your purchase helps support NPR programming. . Nigerian Americans, while representing 0.7% of the US black population, account for 10 times that percentage of black students at university. The book serves as an opportunity to discuss what has helped drive America's triumphs in the past – and how we might harness this knowledge for our future." Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. p. 1. . The Triple Package Subtitle How Three Unlikely Traits Explain the Rise and Fall of Cultural Groups in America Author Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld. Khanh Ho was highly critical of the book in an article for the Huffington Post, concluding: I do have this question: If you arrive in the United States as part of the 1 percent that drained off all the resources from a latter-day colony is it any surprise that you were able to leverage your fortune into a career at a top-notch university? [20], John Crace wrote a satirical review-cum-summary of the book for The Guardian, citing one of the Triple Package Traits – Impulse control is to "resist this book." Triple package: What really determines success Overview. News events, from the financial collapse to David Blaine standing on a plinth, are shoved through the sausage machine of the Triple Package argument, resulting in lame-sounding suggestions such as disgraced financier Bernie Madoff exemplifying the "triple package disease" of "insatiable need". They draw on eye-opening studies of the influence of stereotypes and expectations on various ethnic and cultural groups. At Yale, that figure is 16%. [7] but others described it as an exercise in "pop sociology". The American Dream Doesn't Just Belong to Those With the Most Money and the Fanciest Degrees. The Triple Package is open to anyone. The result is mainly visible on Wall Street: the chief executives or CFOs of Marriott, American Express, Citigroup, Deloitte, Sears and Roebuck and a handful of other corporations are all Mormons, who, the authors speculate, are sensitive to scepticism regarding their religion and motivated by a need to prove themselves. By definition, superiority is "a deeply internalized belief in your group's specialness, exceptionality, or superiority." "[22], Jaya Sundaresh, writing for The Aerogram, claims that the authors by singling out eight cultural groups that they claim are "exceptional", "leading us to wonder what is so wrong with other groups in America," suggesting that "this kind of analysis smacks of cultural essentialism. Mormons make up 1.7% of the population, and own "10 times more Florida real estate than the Walt Disney company". “This element of the triple package is the easiest to define: a deeply internalized belief in your group’s specialness, exceptionality, or superiority. This led critics to note the book was "sure to garner just as much (if not more) controversy as her first book did."[3]. Publishers Weekly reviewed the book, concluding: "This comprehensive, lucid sociological study balances its findings with a probing look at the downsides of the triple package—the burden of carrying a family's expectations, and deep insecurities that come at a psychological price. Thankfully, these forces or set of values/beliefs are accessible to anyone … An immutable triple consisting of three Object elements. This belief can derive from widely varying sources. A superiority complex, insecurity, impulse control—these are the elements of the Triple Package, the rare and potent cultural constellation that drives disproportionate group success. In her article, she claims that Chua and Rubenfeld overlooked institutional and structural factors and asks "But what happens if you measure success not just by where people end up—the cars in their garages, the degrees on their walls—but by taking into account where they started?" There may be certain ethnic groups that emphasize these attributes for a couple of generations. The central argument of the book is that various ethnic groups that are "starkly outperforming" [4] the rest in America possess three distinct traits. Following her widespread fame with Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother in 2011, Chua wrote this book with her husband Jed Rubenfeld after observing a more prevalent trend of students from specific ethnic groups achieving better academic results than other ethnic groups. The packages of ADVANCE Control Unit and ADVANCE turbo, oil press, and oil temperature gauges are packed in the cardboard box on the right. Immigrants from certain parts of the world these days tend to possess such a mindset, and it represents an advantage. They do this with an amused eye on the fainting fit they know it will cause, and they are appropriately dismissive of lazy notions of causation. Whether the authors' explanation as to why some groups thrive is valid is another question, and it's a problem with this kind of book that the marketing hook – in this case the "triple package", a clunky formulation the authors have chosen "for lack of a less terrible name" – is often too flimsy or too broad to be meaningful. Asian-Americans make up about 5% of the US college-age population, and 19% of Harvard's undergraduate body. A superiority complex, insecurity, impulse control—these are the elements of the Triple Package, the rare and potent cultural constellation that drives disproportionate group success. The authors, Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld, both law professors at Yale, are a married couple. The Chinese, they write, are not successful because, as is often stated, they come from an "education culture" – the corollary of which is that less successful groups come from "indolent cultures" – but due to more wide-ranging contextual factors, among them the fact that "Chinese kids are typically raised on a diet of stories about how Chinese civilisation is the oldest and most magnificent in world history.". By cultural groups, they refer that as members of the group that tend to be united or pass on a certain sense of outlooks and cultural values to their next generations. I'm not sure that Chua and Rubenfeld have all the right answers. "[15], Lucy Kellaway, writing for Financial Times, called it "the best universal theory of success I've seen. Print. The Amish have extraordinary "impulse control", but no interest in conventional success. . How groups behave is an area of legitimate academic concern, one which it is surely possible to explore without resorting to racist stereotypes. She claims that Chua repeated the same argument from her previous book, Battle Hymn, the rise and ultimate supremacy of China – and this time, "so well timed to deep economic anxiety, to the collective fear that the American middle class is about to disappear, for good." That is a sense of your specialness or exceptionality. The three factors that make up the triple package and determine success, Chua and Rubenfeld argue, are insecurity (outsiderdom), a sense of … [23], Before the book's publication, New York Post published an article titled "Tiger Mom: Some cultural groups are superior" which sparked controversy, including people using social media to voice their concerns. Alicia W. Stewart, writing for CNN, claims that "it's no surprise that her latest book about success and cultural groups was given a bit of side-eye, even before it published." These traits cannot be nurtured by domestic policies and readers are left with questions unanswered as … According to the preface, the authors find that "certain groups do much better in America than others—as measured by various socioeconomic indicators such as income, occupational status, job prestige, test scores, and so on— [which] is difficult to talk about. [9]. The book has received polarized reviews from critics and public. It can be religious, as in the case of Mormons. Drawing on groundbreaking original research and startling statistics, The Triple Package uncovers the secret to their success. The fact that Chua and Rubenfeld belong to two of the eight groups focused on gives them licence to make the sort of statements other authors would shy away from, such as: "Asians are now so overrepresented at Ivy League schools that they are being called the 'new Jews'." One example: "from 1950 to 1990, Jewish high schoolers made up roughly 20% of the finalists in the prestigious, nationwide Intel Science Talent Search; since 2010, only 7%." The question is: are they right in their explanation of it? This book has stirred up a storm of controversy. The coexistence of both qualities "lies at the heart of every Triple Package culture", producing a need to be recognized and an "I'll show them" mentality because the superiority a person has is not acknowledge by the society. "The Triple Package" expands further upon the parenting that Amy Chua described in her controversial best-seller, "Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother" -- while the aforementioned title was a memoir, this book is a pop-psychology book with a bit of self-help superimposed on top. [21], The book was also negatively reviewed in Boston Globe, saying that though the book itself is engaging and charming, "if the book [did not] structured to focus on an underdeveloped notion that feels intentionally provocative, it would have been a lot better. "[1][page needed]. The problem with the “The Triple Package” is that its fundamental argument is half-baked. And at the California Institute of Technology, where, argue the authors of The Triple Package, admissions are based solely on test scores rather than a combination of scores and more opaque criteria, a whopping 40% of undergraduates are Asian-American. Note! EXAMPLE America's most successful groups have different view of childhood, So "Indian Americans have the highest income of any census-tracked ethnic group, almost twice the national average." The Triple Package is both a self-affirming anthem for those who need it as well as an anthropological exercise to understand what is going wrong with post-millenial America.” Will Pavia, The Times (UK): “The Triple Package is backed up with reams of research and qualifications. A superiority complex, insecurity, impulse control - these are the elements of the Triple Package, the rare and potent cultural constellation that drives disproportionate group success. Chua is the author of Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, the bestselling exposition and defence of strict Asian-American-style parenting. argue that each of these groups is endowed with a “triple package” of values that together make for a potent engine driving members to high rates of success: Each views their group as special (think of the Jewish idea of “the chosen people”); each has instilled in them an insecurity about their worthiness that can only be palliated by achievement; … "America," the authors write, "is the great wrecker of impulse control." It also reaffirms something we intuitively know – that origin stories matter, and that, despite the vast influence of external factors, the story you are permitted to tell about yourself has a lot to do with how that story unfolds. [17] Lee concludes that after controlling parental accomplishment and education levels, people of Mexican origin are more successful in the U.S. than people of Chinese origin. But there are individuals from every group you can think of who have had those character traits and have succeeded. The book "The triple package: What really determines success" takes a look at the supposedly determining factors of success which are named as a superiority complex, insecurity, and an ability for impulse control. Citation formats are based on standards as of July 2010. The conclusion is countercultural in the best sense, arguing, rather sensibly, for a correction to the modern culture of instant gratification and making a broad point about America mollycoddling its children. "[1][page needed], The authors define insecurity as a species of discontent – an anxious uncertainty about your worth or place in society, a feeling or worry that you or what you've done or what you have is in some fundamental way not good enough." 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